December 2018

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Subscribers Only — Achy, stiff joints from osteoarthritis get more common as we age. Your genes also contribute to the likelihood that cartilage in joints will wear down. Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage, which covers the ends of bones, deteriorates, causing inflammation and structural changes in the joint. This can result in varying degrees of pain and reduced function. Weight-bearing joints, such as the knees and hips, are especially vulnerable.   More...

Ask The Doctors: December 2018

New drugs called immune checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized treatment for certain cancers, including melanoma and Hodgkin lymphoma. They are showing promise for other cancers as well. Examples of these drugs are pembrolizumab (Keytruda®), atezolizumab (Tecentriq®), ipilimumab (Yervoy®) and nivolumab (Opdivo®). These powerful drugs fight cancer by boosting the body’s own immune system. Cancer cells send out signals that block the ability of immune system cells to recognize and kill them. The new drugs inhibit these blocking signals, thus unleashing a stronger immune system response.   More...

Simplify Healthy Eating

Subscribers Only — Achy, stiff joints from osteoarthritis get more common as we age. Your genes also contribute to the likelihood that cartilage in joints will wear down. Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage, which covers the ends of bones, deteriorates, causing inflammation and structural changes in the joint. This can result in varying degrees of pain and reduced function. Weight-bearing joints, such as the knees and hips, are especially vulnerable.   More...

Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections

Subscribers Only — Orthobiologics include substances from one's own body, such as platelet rich plasma (PRP) and stem cell products derived from bone marrow or body fat, and donor products, such as amniotic fluid. Research on most orthobiologics is still in the early stages. The one that has been around the longest is PRP injections, which have become widely available.   More...

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: No Laughing Matter

Subscribers Only — "Cubital tunnel syndrome is a condition where your ulnar nerve gets progressively compressed as the nerve runs through the elbow," says Cleveland Clinic orthopaedic surgeon Peter J. Evans, MD, PhD, who specializes in hand, elbow and shoulder problems. The nerve can become compressed at this region because the tunnel is very narrow and there is little soft tissue to shelter it.   More...

In The News: December 2018

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that most likely is caused by an interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Researchers sought to determine a possible role of diet, in particular the mostly plant-based Mediterranean diet, which is thought to have anti-inflammatory properties. The researchers analyzed data on health and diet for 1,721 people with rheumatoid arthritis and 3,667 people without the disease. Results were published in Arthritis Research & Therapy (September 2018). They found that 24 percent of those with rheumatoid arthritis and 28 percent of those without it highly adhered to the Mediterranean diet. High adherence reduced the chances of getting rheumatoid arthritis by 21 percent compared to low adherence, but only in men who had positive blood tests for rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide, which are antibodies in most people with rheumatoid arthritis.   More...

Repairing a Fractured Hip

If you fall and can't get up (just like in the TV commercial), call 911 immediately. Michael Bloomfield, MD, advises everyone who is at risk for falling to always keep their cell phone with them or wear a medical alert device (such as Life Alert ®) . If you fall and don't get help for a prolonged period of time, the consequences can be serious. You may become dehydrated, and muscles can break down, releasing chemicals that can cause kidney damage. © SolStock | Getty Images   More...