Theres a misconception that carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) affects only those who spend hours at a keyboard. Truth is, CTS ranks among the most common hand and wrist problems in orthopaedics, and just about anyone who uses their hands can develop it. I see carpal tunnel syndrome in every component of the population, says William Seitz, MD, a Cleveland Clinic orthopaedic surgeon. Its a very common problem, and theres a wide spectrum of degrees of symptoms. Longstanding CTS can lead to sensory and motor dysfunction in the hand, but early diagnosis and treatment can halt this process, relieve symptoms, and help you maintain good hand function.